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Canada’s Foreign Aid

The dashboard below provides data and analysis on Canada’s international assistance.

International Assistance Spending

Canada’s international assistance spending increased by 8.9% to CAD$6.1 billion in 2018, up from CAD$5.6 billion in 2017.

International assistance accounts for approx. 1.8% of 2018 federal budget spending  – slightly up from last years 1.7% budget expenditure in 2017.

Canada’s ODA/gross national income (GNI) ratio now stands at 0.28% — slightly higher than last year (0.26%).

Who are the largest recipients?

African countries received the largest regional share of Canada’s international assistance at 38.7%, followed by Asia (31.0%), the Americas (11.6%), Europe (2.6%) and Oceania (0.5%). This is only international assistance that has been coded to a region (84.3% of total).

The largest recipient in 2018 was Afghanistan (CAD$254 million), followed by Ethiopia (CAD$198 million), Tanzania (CAD$141 million), Mali (CAD$137 million), and Nigeria (CAD$134 million).

Where were the sharpest increases and declines?

The most notable increases in year-over-year international assistance levels were to: Indonesia (+99%), Yemen (+93%), Niger (+67%), Cote D’iviore(+59%), and Bolivia (+53%). Yemen received the largest year-over-year dollar increase; up CAD$35.9 million from last year.

Income Groups and Regions

33.8% of aid went to Least Developed (or poorest) Countries, another 1.8% went to Other Low Income Countries, and 18.2% went to Lower Middle Income countries (38.7% is not coded by income group).

Africa received the highest share at 38.7%, followed by Asia (31.0%), the Americas (11.6%), Europe (2.6%).

Departmental and Government channels

The amalgamation of the former aid agency CIDA into foreign affairs, and re-branding as Global Affairs Canada (GAC), continues to complicate the departmental sources and channels picture. Typically about 65% to 75% of aid was channeled through (former) CIDA.

Most of this has now transitioned to GAC consolidated. Which means it is not possible to easily distinguish (former) CIDA from (former) DFAIT assistance.

The more relevant distinction is whether the financing is from the international assistance envelope (IAE) or non-IAE. The IAE accounts for the vast majority, 84%, or CAD$5.1 billion in 2018. Non-IAE channels are 16% (or CAD$1.0 billion) and comprise items such as the cost of settling refugees.

The three major IAE channels are GAC (85.7%), Finance (10.7%), and IDRC (2.9%).

Using the Data

Hover over country circles on the map to see how much went to which countries. Circles are sized to reflect the amount of Canadian aid the country receives (in the selected year, by default most recent).

Clicking on a country will reveal links that can be clicked for more details. Doing so will switch the view to the details table, where further selections can be made.

Use drop-downs to limit the data by “region”, “income level” or change “year”; by “bilateral vs. multilateral”, “departmental sources, or specific initiatives (where relevant)”.

Multiple countries can be selected at one time for comparison (no more than two at a time are recommended). Hold down Control + right click. Click again to deselect. Refresh browser or click “Reset” at the bottom of the dashboard to reset the view. At any point, to go back, click “Undo” at the bottom of the dashboard.

Methodology

Data is sourced from CIDA Statistical Report on International Assistance for reporting years prior to 2017 and the Historical Projects Data Set for reporting years including and after 2017. After 2017, international assistance spending was included in the Historical Projects Data Set, but not applied retroactively to other HPDS years. We have merged these datasets, where possible, to give a coherent time series for the reporting above. The MS Excel version of this data can be downloaded below.

OECD-DAC country, regional and income classification coding is also applied.

Data is reported on “gross” basis (i.e. loan repayments, which entail negative transactions, are excluded). In order to simplify interpretation calendar years are used, but the data is on a fiscal year basis (i.e. 2001 is 2000-01 and so on).

There may be slight differences between this data and data from the OECD-DAC. This is for two reasons: fiscal year (as opposed to calendar year) is used here, and Canadian dollar (as opposed to US dollar) is the currency unit.

Note: this data was last updated in June 2019. Data can be freely extracted from the above dashboard using the “download” options.

Updated raw data are provided below, in detail, by country/region/income group/source/channel, on gross basis, in CAD$, on fiscal year basis.

Aid (2018) web-version (MS Excel)

For more information please contact: aniket.bhusan@carleton.ca

Related resources

Contact

This data is part of ongoing research at the Canadian International Development Platform. Contact us for questions.

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