The dashboard below provides data and analysis on Canada’s trade flows.
Canada’s Trade Flows
Canada’s total bilateral trade in goods in 2018 was approx. CAD$1.16 trillion, while the balance of trade (exports minus imports) was negative CAD$19 billion. Canada’s bilateral trade is highly concentrated both regionally as well as among income groups. North America, Europe and Central Asia, and East Asia together account for about 97% of Canada’s total trade. High income countries account for almost 81% of Canada’s total trade.
Hovering (on mouse-over) will show the total trade as well as balance of trade with individual countries. Hover over the trend graph to see how total trade has evolved with particular regions and income groups. Click on country bubbles to see trends over time. Drop down menus can be used to limit and highlight countries in specific regions, income groups, or to change the year.
What the data shows
Trade with Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, while growing, still represents less than 1.7% of Canada’s trade. Similarly, trade with Low Income Countries account for less than 0.1% of Canada’s total trade. Canada has a negative balance of trade with all regions, with the exceptions of a recently equal balance of trade with South Asia and the Middle East and North Africa, and a large positive trade balance with the United States.
Canada’s trade is also highly concentrated in terms of products traded. Mining and oil and gas extraction dominate Canadian bilateral trade. Canada is one the largest mining nations in the world. Mineral exports account for around 24% of Canadian exports, while motor vehicles and parts related to motor vehicles, the second highest export, accounts for 14%.
Ethiopia, Madagascar, Tanzania, Haiti, and Nepal were among the largest low-income trade partners for Canada in 2018. The top developing country trade partners are: China, Mexico, India, Brazil, and Vietnam. Canada had a negative balance of trade with all of these countries. The top trade partners in Africa include: South Africa, Nigeria, Botswana, Côte d’Ivoire, and Ghana. Although Canada had a negative balance of trade with most of these countries, it held a significant surplus with Ghana in 2018.
Data is drawn from Industry Canada’s Trade Data Online database, and indicates trade in goods and products. The World Bank’s geographical and income classification system is used. For comparison with aid flows countries were also classified using the OECD-DAC system.
Download the Data
Trade Dataset 2018 (2002-2018) (MS Excel)
Last updated: April 17, 2019
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