Canada’s Foreign Aid 2012

This dashboard provides data on Canada’s aid spending since 2000-01. Data for the most recent year, 2012, is now available below.


Canada’s Foreign Aid Spending


Canada’s foreign aid spending totaled CAD$ 5.67 billion in 2012 (CAD$ 5.7 billion on gross basis), compared to CAD$ 5.66 billion in 2011. This equates to about C$ 165.30 per Canadian. Aid spending was 2.5% of total 2012 budget expenditure, or 0.32% of Gross National Income.

The largest recipient was Ethiopia (CAD$ 207 million), followed by Haiti, Tanzania, Afghanistan, Ghana, Sudan and South Sudan, Mozambique and Pakistan.


33.4% of aid went to Least Developed (or poorest) Countries, another 2.5% went to other Low Income Countries, and 16.8% went to Lower Middle Income countries (41% is not coded by income group). Africa received the highest share at almost 42%, followed by Asia (22%), and the Americas (17%).


About 69% of Canada’s aid in 2012 was channeled through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), about 9% through Finance Canada and 8.2% through the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, while the International Development Research Center (IDRC) accounts for 3.5%.


Hover over country circles on the map to see how much went to which countries. Circles are sized to reflect the amount of Canadian aid the country receives. Clicking on a country will reveal more details below. Use drop-downs to limit the map by either “region”, “income level” or change “year”. Clicking on the regional (trend graph) or income (bubble graph) will highlight countries that belong to the selected groups. Multiple countries can be selected at one time for comparison (no more than two at a time are recommended). Click again to deselect. Refresh browser or click “revert all” at the bottom of the dashboard to reset the view.


What the data shows


The data shows the impact of the crisis and aid freeze taking effect. Following nearly a decade of sustained increases, aid spending has stalled and is set to decline in the coming years (see “Foreign Aid and Crises” for an analysis of Canada’s forward spending plans). There were notable changes in aid to some of Canada’s largest recipients: aid to Haiti fell 42% compared to the previous year, to Afghanistan fell 46%, Pakistan fell 35%, Mozambique fell 20%, Mali fell 36%, and aid to Senegal fell 21%.


Among Canada’s largest recipients, aid to Ethiopia increased 17.5%, Tanzania increased 14%, Ghana increased 4%, Vietnam increased 7%, India increased 46% and Kenya 62%. Foreign aid to Nigeria, Ukraine, Honduras, Malawi, Uganda, Rwanda, Indonesia, Nepal and China also increased. Other notable increases include Libya.



Methodology & data


Data is sourced from CIDA Statistical Report on International Assistance. OECD-DAC country, regional and income classification coding is applied. MS Excel version of the data can be downloaded below. Data is reported on “gross” basis (i.e. Export Development Canada and loan repayments are excluded). In order to simplify interpretation calender years are used, but the data is on a fiscal year basis (i.e. 2001 is 2000-01 and so on).
There may be slight differences between this data and data from the OECD-DAC. This is for two reasons: fiscal year (as opposed to calendar year) is used here, and Canadian dollar (as opposed to US dollar) is the currency unit.


Canadian-Aid-2012-CIDPNSI (final web)(MS Excel)



Related resources


Foreign aid and Crises


CIDA Merger Should get Canada Thinking Bigger on Development


Will the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation Deliver?


Aid vs. Remittances from Canada: a brief comparison





This data is part of ongoing work at The North-South Institute. Comment here, or contact Aniket Bhushan for more information at